思考问题主要依赖语言文字还是图像?

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前几日zsoft 提到视觉思考的重要性,看到小平邦彦的《几何世界的邀请》的前言提及此问题。

Einstein thought about problems without using language to do so. This idea comes from Jacques Hadamard's The Psychology of Invention in Mathematics, which includes a letter from Einstein to Hadamard in the appendix.

The letter is long, and the main point is as follows, "I do not think that language plays any role in the structure of thinking. The element that plays a role in thinking is a certain self-generating, combining image. The combining game of this image - which predates the combining game of the logical structure consisting of language and symbols - is the essential feature of creative thinking."


曾经在某本书上读到过一个故事,大概是说爱因斯坦在思考问题时不使用语言进行思考。前些天,我突然很想确认这个故事的真实性,所以重新找出那本书来看,发现参考文献引用的是阿达马(Jacques Hadamard)的《数学领域的发明心理学》。于是立刻借了阿达马的这本书回来阅读,发现附录中收录有爱因斯坦写给阿达马的信。

信的内容很长,主要内容如下:“我认为语言在思考结构中没有发挥任何作用。在思考中发挥作用的要素,是某种自我生成、组合的形象。这种图像要素的结合——早于由语言和符号构成的逻辑性结构的结合——是创造性思考的本质特征。”

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